What is zultanite? What is zultanite worth? A definitive guide

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1. What is zultanite?

The zultanite stone is one of the rarest stones on earth. It is only mined in the Ilbir Mountains of Turkey and is famous for its color-changing effect. Zultanite usually comes in orange, green, yellow, pink, and champagne and these colors change in different light.

2. Discovery: rare and new in the market

The zultanite stone was discovered in the very early 1800s in the Russian Ural Mountains. However, currently, the Ilbir Mountains of Turkey remain the only known source left, which makes it one of the rarest stones on earth.

It is a gem variety of the mineral diaspore and is named after the 36th Sultan who ruled the Ottoman Empire of Turkey, by the current mine owner.

Enthusiasts initially mined and independently excavated zultanite with chisels and pickaxes in the 1980s.

It wasn’t until the 1970s that jewelers began to mine it for commercial use. The difficulty of cutting zultanite postponed its entry into the market. Until 2005, zultanite was only used by selected jewelers.

In 2006, zultanite began to be mined specifically as a gemstone. While diaspore may be abundant, zultanite can only be found in a Bauxite deposit in the Ilbir Mountains of central Turkey. It is exclusively mined by Ottoman Gem.

The mine is located 4,000 feet high in the mountains of Turkey. Only a very small amount of gem-quality zultanite can be mined from tons of ore; moreover, only 50% of the total zultanite mined is suitable for cutting, and 98% of the raw zultanite stones will be lost during processing.

That is to say, the yield of gem-quality zultanite is only 2%. In fact, it is so rare in the market that even veteran cutters have difficulty orienting the crystals to their original colors.

3. Where is zultanite mined?

Zultanite can only be found in a Bauxite deposit in the Ilbir Mountains of central Turkey. It is exclusively mined by Ottoman Gem. That is why it is also called the Turkish zultanite.

4. Zultanite properties

What is zultanite? What is zultanite worth? A definitive guide

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The zultanite stone shines a unique palette of green, yellow, and red. As a Type II transparent gemstone and a refractive index of 1.75, it is clear to the naked eye with colorful sparkle. It takes a 10x magnification to inspect the natural inclusions of the gemstone.

Zultanite holds a 6.5 to 7 on the Moh’s Hardness Scale. It has the perfect makings for use in jewelry.

There are claims among jewelers of the zultanite having perfect cleavage. Perfect cleavage can lead to the gem having a clean break if subjected to accidental force. Therefore, jewelers recommend taking extra care when wearing zultanite pieces just in case.

However, not many gem cutters have had the chance to work zultanite and perfect the art of crafting it. Among those who have worked with zultanite such as Mr. Kotlowski, there were no remarks of problems in the cleavage.

Zultanite color

Zultanite usually comes in orange, green, yellow, pink, and champagne and these colors change in different light.

The color-changing effect or pleochroism


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Zultanite is a rare gemstone that naturally possesses a color-changing effect. It could be thought of as a chameleon of diaspores.

It is the traces of manganese that cause this unique optical phenomenon. At different angles or under different light sources, the same zultanite stone can have two or even more colors. This is called pleochroism.

This ability alone makes it pleasing for jewelry connoisseurs. Its colors can arrange from raspberry hues to kiwi greens.

Outdoors under clear skies, it appears kiwi green with light yellow sparkle; indoors under traditional lighting, it turns a rich champagne color; and under candlelight, it emits a purple-red halo.

However, it never goes to completely dark tones. Most hues are of soft pastel tones, making them an excellent complement to earthier tones.

As with all gemstones, the larger the size, the more pronounced the color-changing effect and the greater the visual impact it gives.

The cat’s eye effect

Zultanite’s novelty in the gem world is still running strong as it is still in its infancy.

Its’ unique color scheme and common occurrence of chatoyance, an effect that causes a bright strip of light to appear across the gem’s surface shaped like a cat’s eye, make zultanite not only among the newest and rarest of gemstones but also one of the most unique stones in use today.

Every aspect of the gem appears tailored specifically to increase the rarity and value.

5. Zultanite value

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What is zultanite worth? While over 90% of the stones on the market require optimization, zultanite does not require any and is guaranteed to be 100% natural.

Moreover, the mining of zultanite is extremely difficult. Only a very small amount of gem-quality zultanite can be mined from tons of ore; moreover, only 50% of the total zultanite mined is suitable for cutting, and 98% of the raw zultanite stones will be lost during processing.

That is to say, the yield of gem-quality zultanite is only 2%.

  • A single source – rarity.
  • Unique color-changing effect – versatility.
  • Never treated in any way – natural and safe.
  • Ethical mining – environmental friendliness.

In summary, due to the exclusivity of mining rights, the geographical availability of zultanite, the gemstone’s natural coveted qualities, and the difficulty in properly faceting the gemstone, zultanite is a gemstone of great value for purchase and collection.

Even with a price, the availability of the stone is near zero. The mining company behind the supply works exclusively with companies of their choosing.

6. Zultanite prices

How much does zultanite cost? Yes, real zultanite is quite pricey. Finished jewelry pieces adorned in authentic zultanite range from $1,000 to $50,000 in value.

For zultanite stones alone, 1 carat starts at $500, and when you get to 20 or more carats, it starts at $10,000. This is primarily due to the rarity of those in five carats and beyond.

Raw gem collectors can get their hands on zultanite crystal mineral for around $300 to $18,000 for a 3,100-gram ore.

7. Zultanite meaning: what does zultanite do?

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Rumors by “natural healers” have already begun. Among the new beliefs, stone healers claim that the gemstone can activate the third eye and throat chakras.

They also believe it can help the wearer retrieve lost property, protect businesses from competition and regulation, instill courage in the fearful, guarantee victory against enemies, increase fame and fortune, as well protect the wearer from the evil eye, hexing, and jealousy.

Another source has a similar claim of zultanite resonating with the third eye, crown, and soul as well as the heart and solar plexus chakra. They claim zultanite helps to stimulate the mind, fight age-related memory loss, relieve stress, and assist in weight loss.

While the topic of the third eye and chakras vary, crystal stone healers agree across the board that zultanite helps to stimulate the mind for studying and memorization or to help reduce stress and relieve age-related mental damage to the memory.

Crystal wearers recommend that to utilize the stone it must be placed on the forehead, worn around the neck, or placed on the solar plexus. Placing zultanite directly interacts with the mind chakra.

This can relieve stress, improve memory, and clear cognitive functional issues. Psychics claim wearing the crystal enhances their connection to others when reading them. Placing the zultanite on your solar plexus is said to fill the body with golden light.

8. Zultanite jewelry

Zultanite jewelry is rare and costly. The exclusivity of the material and intricate skilled work it takes to facet zultanite increase its’ value to among some of the highest in jewelry design.

The beautiful color of the gemstone rests well within a necklace pendant, index rings, and earrings. Zultanite jewelry gives the wearer an aura of unique taste and sophistication.

While crystal collectors may use the gemstone for its’ metaphysical qualities, the pure raw beauty of the artwork created using zultanite merits its worth as decoration.

To summarize, jewelry made with zultanite is extremely rare and thus highly sought after by high-quality jewelry collectors.

9. Fake zultanite

Zultanite has a simple method for fake detection. The incredible natural tranquil colors are hard to imitate. Fake stones have harsh neon hues.

While there are also much more intricate methods such as inspection of the inclusions, measuring the refraction index, and gravity of the specimen in question, they are best left to professionals.

For the collector, a Zultanite Authenticity Guarantee is the best method to verify if their gemstone is legitimate.

Synthetic zultanite and lab created zultanite

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Synthetic zultanite is often made of glass and does not stand up well to scrutiny. The color reflections tend to be much harsher and dominated by one hue.

Many lab-created hues only contain a translucent attempt at the natural yellow hues found in the real thing.

The polished surface in synthetics also reflects brightly across the entire surface as real Zultanite forms a cat’s eye.

Luckily, Zultanite is still new enough that counterfeit gem makers do a passable imitation for Turkey’s prize gemstone.

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With less convincing fakes, the counterfeiters sell their material for dirt cheap. Products for sale claiming to contain Zultanite in the price range under $50 are almost definitely fakes.

How to distinguish a lab-created zultanite?

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The way specialists tell the difference is by putting the stone under the microscope to see if inclusions are present. If they are, then your stone is authentic.

You can also apply the technique that’s used to detect fake gemstones in general. For example, invest in a Chelsea filter, which is an optical filter used to identify colored stones. It would be best if you also have a small torchlight to shine on the rock. If you don’t see any inclusions, your zultanite is not authentic.

How to buy a genuine zultanite?

If you’re trying to go after a genuine zultanite, here are some essential solutions to make sure you don’t get ripped off.

  • Make sure your distributor is approved by the Turkey mine and the GIA. Never buy on impulse or from someone who approaches you.
  • If the price is too low and keeps getting lower, that’s very suspicious.
  • Make sure your appraisal form is actually from the GIA or the American Gemological Society.

10. Where to buy zultanite?

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Rosery Poetry is committed to providing you with affordable zultanite jewelry that is classic and sustainable. Their zultanite jewelry pieces including zultanite rings, earrings, necklaces, and bracelets are made of color-changing zultanite and 925 sterling silver.

If you want to buy zultanite stones or zultanite jewelry ranging from $100-$500, you can check JMLsinc. It is a Zultanite® Trusted Retailer. You can buy zultanite jewelry like a zultanite ring or zultanite earrings that are affordable and of high quality and have them delivered to your house fast.

11. About the name: zultanite

Originally known as diaspore, zultanite was given its name in 2006 by Stephen Kotlowski. He believed the name diaspore was awful sounding and reminded him of fungus.

So he rebranded the rare gemstone with a name of his own. At first, he mulled the idea of “Ottominite” after the Ottoman Empire of Turkey.

His friend, Murat, suggested “Sultanite” after the Sultans of the Ottoman Empire of Turkey with the reason that it gave the gem a royal feel to the name. Unfortunately for them, “Sultanate” was already used to name a mineral. Mr. Kotlowski decided to change the “S” for a “Z”.

12. Csarite and zultanite

Between zultanite and csarite, there is no difference in their chemical makeup. Both are trade names and are used interchangeably for diaspore, the gemological name.

To be detailed, in the early ’00s, the owner of the Turkey zultanite mine, Murat Akgun, found it challenging to sell the stone under the trade name Zultanite. Therefore, in 2012, zultanite was dropped as the primary market name (jewelers selling zultanite pieces may disagree) and Akgun came up with another one: Csarite.

Therefore, csarite and zultanite are two competing trademarks for the same gemstones of Turkey.

The difference between the two comes down to the quality of cut and grade of the gemstone. While the two trademarks fight over superiority, they both ensure only the best quality gems carry either name.

Only diaspore gemstones from the Ilbir Mountains that have been mined by the owner of the Zultanite or Csarite may be called Zultanite or Csarite.

While there may still be some argument as to which name will prevail, ultimately the control is given to the mining company responsible for providing the mineral.

13. Zultanite VS alexandrite

Alexandrite is another color-changing stone with a cat’s eye that may come to mind when thinking about the special qualities of zultanite.

Alexandrite has a much different set of color hues than zultanite, featuring deep emerald greens, ruby, and sapphire blue.

This stone has a color-changing effect of two colors, commonly referred to as “emerald by day, ruby by night”; while a zultanite stone can have more than two colors.

The light sensitivity of zultanite makes it as magnificent as a chameleon under different light sources: bright yellow, cognac pink, turmeric, kiwi green, raspberry pink, deep champagne, and gray-green hues. This makes zultanite even better than alexandrite.

Another difference is that zultanite is mined only in one country, Turkey; while Alexandrite is mined in seven. As a result, zultanite is more expensive. One carat of zultanite can reach as high as $10,000.

The only commonality of the two gemstones comes from their showcase of multiple colors and the beautiful cat’s eye reflection.

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This article is originally published on Rosery Poetry.

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